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Psychology can be useful in many areas for parents of adolescents. Firstly, it is important to have a clear understanding of what actually happens during adolescence because, while the hormonal and physiological changes have been well-documented, the psychological changes have been studied to a lesser degree. During adolescence, the body starts to release the kisspeptin hormone. This hormone triggers a wide range of secondary sexual characteristics, as well as a series of mental and psychological changes. It is during this stage that a child's critical sense undergoes significant development. Previously, your child may have accepted everything you said without question. However, now they start to question you.
We always say that children learn by modeling and that their parents are their main source of learning. However, when adolescence arrives, their friends become their models. They are peers, sometimes singers, YouTubers, and other things that they discover along the way. However, they still rely on their parents and need their parents to be there for them.
Very young children will play next to other children without interacting with them. Later, friends are circumstantial. In other words, children will make friends with those sitting next to them or other classmates. Around the age of eight years old, children start to select their friends based on specific characteristics. Finally, it is not until the age of twelve years old that children really start to consolidate their group of friends.