The birth of a child, as well as adopting or fostering for more than one year a child who is either under 6 years old or is under 18 years old and has difficulties incorporating into the family, gives the mother the right to 16 weeks of paid leave.
- If the child has a disability, leave granted is 18 weeks.
- In the event of multiple births, 2 weeks are added on for each child after the second.
- In the event of premature birth or the child's hospitalization, the mother can take breaks in the leave period after the first 6 mandatory weeks. However, if the baby remains hospitalized for more than seven days, the maternity leave can be extended on an exceptional basis for as long as the baby remains in hospital, up to 13 additional weeks.
In the case of biological maternity
- The first six weeks are mandatory for mothers on a full-time contract.
- The remaining 10 weeks can be passed to the father or be shared and taken simultaneously.
- Those 10 weeks can be enjoyed on a full-time or part-time basis, so long as an agreement is reached with the employer.
In the cases of adoption and fostering:
- If both parents work, they can distribute their leave of absence either in parallel or consecutively. In any case, the periods must be uninterrupted and cannot total more than 16 weeks.
- All leave can be taken on a full-time or part-time basis, so long as an agreement is reached with the employer.
- In the case of international adoptions, when the parents need to travel to the baby's place of birth, the leave of absence can start up to 4 weeks before the date the adoption is legally declared.
For the duration of leave, the employee receives a financial benefit from Social Security that is 100% of her basic income (i.e. a daily amount obtained from dividing pre-tax salary by 30).
- Work as an employee, as a self-employed worker or as a housekeeper and be up to date with the payment of Social Security contributions.
- Be able to prove that you have been paying social security contributions for the following periods:
- Under 21 at the time of birth: not required.
- Between 21 and 26 at the time of birth: for 90 days in the last 7 years, or for 180 days throughout your working life.
- Over 26: for 180 days in the last 7 years or for 360 days throughout your working life.