4. Allowance for multiple childbirth or adoption

It is a one-off payment for multiple childbirth or adoption (when two or more children are born or adopted at the same time). If any of the babies are affected with a disability of at least 33% they are counted as double.


  • Reside legally in Spanish territory.
  • Not have the right to benefits of the same nature under any other public social protection scheme. 


Either parent can apply for this allowance in the offices of the National Social Security Institute of the town where the family unit resides.

  • If they live together, they must agree on who applies to it. If they cannot reach an agreement, it is systematically granted to the mother.
  • If you do not live together, the parent who cares for and has custody of the child or children must apply for it. 


The calculation of the amount of the allowance takes into account the Minimum Wage (known as the SMI in Spanish) for the year and the number of children who are born or adopted together.

  • If you have two children: the minimum wage is multiplied by 4.
  • If you have three children: the minimum wage is multiplied by 8.
  • If you have four or more children: the minimum wage is multiplied by 12.

5. Day-care allowances

Day-care is one of the highest expenses that working parents with children under 3 years of age have to face.

At this age education is not compulsory, which means there are far fewer public day-care centers than schools or colleges and the availability does not cover the actual demand.

Financial allowances for day-care centers depend on the autonomous community region in question. The quantity and requirements vary according to where you live. IT is worth checking the conditions of the administrative body that manages social services in your autonomous community region and, just in case, asking if there are any allowances in the town hall where the child is registered as a resident.

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