Non-identical twins, identical twins, triplets: assistance for multiple childbirth

The birth of two or more children at the same time means the family must readjust their budget. Find out about the benefits and allowances available for multiple births

The arrival of twins almost multiplies by two the expenses arising with the birth of a baby: two car seats, two cradles, two rockers, clothes, diapers... Fortunately, there are some specific benefits available for multiple births. Furthermore, these special circumstances are often taken into account regarding work-life balance, in order to help with the care of the children during the first few months.

Work-life balance

2 weeks more of maternity leave for each child after the second

In the case of multiple births, the 16 weeks of maternity leave rises to 18 weeks per child after the second child (18 weeks for twins, 20 for triplets, etc.). 

2 more days of paternity leave for each child after the second

The 4-week paternity leave is extended by 2 days for each child after the second, for multiple births, adoptions and fostering.

Double nursing leave

The duration of nursing leave increases proportionately in the case of multiple births (double for two children, triple for three children). For example, the mother (or father) of twins has the right to two hours per day leave from work or start or leave work one hour later or, if the company agreement contemplates the option or the company agrees, these hours can be accumulated to extend the maternity leave (approximately one month).

Allowances for multiple births

Families with multiple births are eligible to some economic benefits:

Government benefits

Benefits for multiple births is paid as a single payment in the case of multiple births or adoptions. It is paid to all families, regardless of their income. The amount is calculated based on the national minimum wage (SMI) and the number of children born or adopted at the same time.

  • If there are 2 children: the minimum wage is multiplied by 4.
  • If there are 3 children: the minimum wage is multiplied by 8.
  • If there are 4 or more children: the minimum wage is multiplied by 12.

In 2017, the benefit paid for the birth of twins was €2,830.80, for the birth of triplets it was €5,661.60 and over four babies born in the same birth the benefit paid was €8,492.40.

If a baby suffers from a disability equal or over 33%, double benefit is paid. For example, if two children are born and one has a disability, benefits are paid for three children.


Either parent can apply for the benefits at branches of the Social Security Institute (INSS) in the town or city of the family residence.

  • If the parents live together, they must agree on which parent should apply. If no agreement is reached, it is awarded to the mother by default.
  • If the parents do not live together, it is awarded to the parent who has custody.

Special maternity allowance

Besides the benefit paid during maternity leave, in the case of a multiple birth, an additional special allowance is paid for each child, equivalent to 6 weeks of maternity leave. Thus, in the event of twins, maternity leave of 18 weeks is paid, plus an allowance equivalent to another 6 weeks. In the case of triplets, maternity leave is paid for 20 weeks plus an allowance equivalent to 12 more weeks.

Government benefits for multiple births are paid to all families regardless of the family income

All the content of Baby Planner, in your BBVA app