From January 2018, self-employed workers' contributions are paid from the date of registration in the Special Regime until the date of leave, and not for a full month.
The contribution basis can be changed up to four times, and you can register and de-register in the Special Regime up to three times in each fiscal period (i.e., in one year).
Self-employed workers' rights
As in the case of employees, self-employed workers receive financial benefits for temporary disability and during maternity or paternity leave.
In the event of non-occupational accident or illness, 60% from the fourth day of the sick leave to the twentieth (including both) and 75% from the twenty-first day onwards.
- Work-related accident and occupational illness
If the self-employed worker is paying contributions for this (paid apart), 75% from the day on which the right begins.
- Benefit for risk during pregnancy and breastfeeding
When work is incompatible with the pregnancy or breastfeeding, due to the need to protect the expectant mother and child, there is a 100% subsidy in the regulatory base.
During the 16 weeks of maternity leave, the subsidy of 100% of the regulatory base will be paid. There is a period of six weeks immediately post-birth of compulsory time off for the mother. The mother may opt to sacrifice the 10 remaining weeks to the working father, (whether this be simultaneous with or subsequent to the mother’s leave).
In the case of adoption, the father and mother may share the 16 weeks.
The requirements for receiving maternity benefits are the same for those of employees:
-Between 21 and 26 years age: prove you have contributed to the Social Security for a minimum of 90 days in the last seven years or 180 over your working life.
-From 26 years of age: prove you have contributed to the Social Security for a minimum period of 180 days in the last seven years or 360 over your working life.
Self-employed fathers have the same right to leave for the birth, adoption or fostering of a child as mothers. Paternity leave currently lasts four weeks but is forecast to rise gradually to equal maternity leave of 16 weeks in the future.